There are two types of IELTS exams: IELTS Academic and IELTS General.
The type of IELTS exam that a person takes – and the degree that he/she needs to obtain – depends on the conditions determined by the authority that asks you to take the exam, and they differ according to the purpose of the exam and differ from one side to another.
The Academic and General IELTS exams agree on the speaking and listening parts of the exam, but they differ in the subject matter of the reading and writing exam.
IELTS Academic exam
It is the examination directed for the purposes of study or training in a university, institute, or higher education institution in which the study is conducted in the English language
IELTS General Exam.
It is the appropriate exam for people who want to travel to an English speaking country